How close are we to a cage free Europe?

The bad news is that no country is 100% cage-free. The good news is that you have the power to change that.

map of Europe colour coded by cage free progress

 

Over one million citizens have demanded an end to caged farming by signing The End the Cage Age European Citizens Initiative (ECI).

This Initiative was the biggest political push for farmed animal welfare in European history, and has resulted in a ground-breaking commitment by the European Commission to phase out the use of cages for farmed animals across Europe!

To ensure legislation is introduced to ban cruel cages as soon as possible, we must continue campaigning to make our dream of a cage-free Europe even more likely – by pressuring our Member States to champion the banning of cages. We know that the Commission listens to the Member States: If national Agricultural Ministers speak out against cages, we increase our chances of a European-wide ban being implemented without delay.

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How it works

  1. Look at the table below and find your country
  2. Click on the flag and read the information in the pop-up
  3. Click on the twitter button and send a clear message to national decision-makers
  4. Repeat the same actions on other countries as many times as possible
#1 Austria

#1 Austria

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Number of animals in cages: 215,498

% animals caged: 3%

Number of ECI signatures: 20,403

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Sustainability and Tourism Minister of Health and Social Affairs
Elisabeth Köstinger Wolfgang Mückstein
Elisabeth Köstinger Rudolf Anschober
Minister of Sustainability and Tourism
Elisabeth Köstinger
Elisabeth Köstinger
Minister of Health and Social Affairs
Wolfgang Mückstein
Rudolf Anschober

 

The general situation

Ministers' views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Ministers' Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#2 Luxembourg

#2 Luxembourg

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Number of animals in cages: 3,485

% animals caged: 3%

Number of ECI signatures: 5,510

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Romain Schneider
Romain Schneider

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#3 Sweden

#3 Sweden

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Number of animals in cages: 479,911

% animals caged: 5%

Number of ECI signatures: 46,378

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister for Business, Industry and Innovation
Ibrahim Baylan
Jennie Nilsson

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#4 Germany

#4 Germany

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Number of animals in cages: 8,028,650

% animals caged: 13%

Number of ECI signatures: 474,753

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister for Food and Agriculture
Julia Klöckner
Julia Klöckner

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#5 The Netherlands

#5 The Netherlands

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Number of animals in cages: 5,922,010

% animals caged: 17%

Number of ECI signatures: 153,958

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Carola Schouten
Carola Schouten

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#6 Slovenia

#6 Slovenia

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Number of animals in cages: 365,703

% animals caged: 25%

Number of ECI signatures: 3,553

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forestry
Dr Jože Podgoršek
Aleksandra Pivec

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#7 Belgium

#7 Belgium

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Number of animals in cages: 4,407,909

% animals caged: 31%

Number of ECI signatures: 62,397

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Brussels Minister of Animal Welfare Walloon Minister of Animal Welfare Flemish Minister of Animal Welfare
Bernard Clerfayt Céline Tellier Ben Weyts
Bernard Clerfayt Céline Tellier Ben Weyts
Brussels Minister of Animal Welfare
Bernard Clerfayt
Bernard Clerfayt
Walloon Minister of Animal Welfare
Céline Tellier
Céline Tellier
Flemish Minister of Animal Welfare
Ben Weyts
Ben Weyts

 

 

The general situation

Ministers' views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Ministers' Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#8 Denmark

#8 Denmark

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Number of animals in cages: 1,784,984

% animals caged: 32%

Number of ECI signatures: 47,336

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries
Rasmus Prehn
Mogens Jensen

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#9 United Kingdom

#9 United Kingdom

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Number of animals in cages: 16,492,646

% animals caged: 34%

Number of ECI signatures: 54,114

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Secretary of State for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs
George Eustice
George Eustice

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#10 Finland

#10 Finland

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Number of animals in cages: 2,359 236

% animals caged: 51%

Number of ECI signatures: 32,716

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Jari Leppä
Jari Leppä

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#11 Ireland

#11 Ireland

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Number of animals in cages: 2,024,494

% animals caged: 53%

Number of ECI signatures: 14,646

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine
Charlie McConalogue
Dara Calleary

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Ministers' Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#12 Romania

#12 Romania

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Number of animals in cages: 5,278,666

% animals caged: 58%

Number of ECI signatures: 8,308

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Nechita-Adrian Oros
Nechita-Adrian Oros

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#13 Croatia

#13 Croatia

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Number of animals in cages: 1,484,341

% animals caged: 61%

Number of ECI signatures: 12,498

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Marija Vučković
Marija Vučković

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#14 Italy

#14 Italy

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Number of animals in cages: 41,417,060

% animals caged: 63%

Number of ECI signatures: 90,085

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Health Minister of Agriculture
Roberto Speranza
Stefano Patuanelli
Roberto Speranza Teresa Bellanova
Minister of Health
Roberto Speranza
Roberto Speranza
Minister of Agriculture
Stefano Patuanelli
Teresa Bellanova

 

The general situation

Ministers' views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Ministers' Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#15 France

#15 France

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Number of animals in cages: 76,122,305

% animals caged: 68%

Number of ECI signatures: 89,600

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Julien Denormandie
Julien Denormandie

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#16 Czech Republic

#16 Czech Republic

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Number of animals in cages: 5,570,578

% animals caged: 71%

Number of ECI signatures: 49,219

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Miroslav Toman
Miroslav Toman

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#17 Hungary

#17 Hungary

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Number of animals in cages: 12,328,798

% animals caged: 71%

Number of ECI signatures: 2,550

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
István Nagy
István Nagy

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#18 Cyprus

#18 Cyprus

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Number of animals in cages: 424,039

% animals caged: 73%

Number of ECI signatures: 1,610

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Health
Costas Kadis
Costas Kadis

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#19 Latvia

#19 Latvia

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Number of animals in cages: 2,507,983

% animals caged: 76%

Number of ECI signatures: 3,631

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Kaspars Gerhards
Kaspars Gerhards

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#20 Slovakia

#20 Slovakia

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Number of animals in cages: 2,464,865

% animals caged: 77%

Number of ECI signatures: 29,314

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development
Samuel Vlčan
 Ján Mičovský

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#21 Greece

#21 Greece

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Number of animals in cages: 3,956,546

% animals caged: 78%

Number of ECI signatures: 9,003

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister for Agricultural Development and Food
Spilios Livanos
Makis Voridis

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#22 Bulgaria

#22 Bulgaria

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Number of animals in cages: 8,212,991

% animals caged: 80%

Number of ECI signatures: 17,986

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forestry
Dr. Hristo Bozukov
Desislava Taneva

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#23 Poland

#23 Poland

Read more

Number of animals in cages: 41,951,098

% animals caged: 81%

Number of ECI signatures: 54,039

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Grzegorz Puda
Grzegorz Puda

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#24 Estonia

#24 Estonia

Read more

Number of animals in cages: 942,745

% animals caged: 82%

Number of ECI signatures: 3,560

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Rural Affairs
Mr Urmas Krusse
Arvo Aller

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#25 Lithuania

#25 Lithuania

Read more

Number of animals in cages: 2,387,703

% animals caged: 83%

Number of ECI signatures: 8,449

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Kęstutis Navickas
Andrius Palionis

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#26 Spain

#26 Spain

Read more

Number of animals in cages: 88,388,145

% animals caged: 89%

Number of ECI signatures: 85,756

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture General Director of Animal Rights
Luis Planas Sergio García Torres
Luis Planas Sergio García Torres
Minister of Agriculture
Luis Planas
Luis Planas
General Director of Animal Rights
Sergio García Torres
Sergio García Torres

 

The general situation

Ministers' views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Ministers' Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#27 Portugal

#27 Portugal

Read more

Number of animals in cages: 11,860,036

% animals caged: 89%

Number of ECI signatures: 13,948

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister of Agriculture
Maria do Céu Antunes
Maria do Céu Antunes

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    
#28 Malta

#28 Malta

Read more

Number of animals in cages: 410,962

% animals caged: 99%

Number of ECI signatures: 1,694

Who can help End the Cage Age?

Minister for Rural Policies, Fisheries, Animal Rights
Anton Refalo
Anton Refalo

 

The general situation

Minister's views on EU wide ban  
How close is this country to ending the cage age? Legislation Minister's Position
For hens    
For rabbits    
For sows (stalls)    
For sows (farrowing crates)    
For ducks and geese (foie gras)    
For quail    
For calves    

Table notes

Many factors determine if a Member State will support our ECI, including the percentage of animals still caged, national laws, and the support of key decision makers. Some countries are close to being totally cage free, while others still confine millions of animals with governments reluctant to bring about change.

The table is a living tool: we will update it as soon as any progress is made to end the use of cages.

On each flag, you’ll find the percentage of cage-free farmed animals and, in each pop-up, you'll find the number of animals still in cages. These numbers are calculated on the total number each species that can be farmed in cages like sows, rabbits, ducks, geese and hens. We are excluding quails and calves because there are no reliable figures for all Member States, although we are calling for a ban on caging both.

Table Key

Country Level

  100% of animals living cage free
  80-99% of animals living cage free
  40-79% of animals living cage free
  Less than 40% of animals living cage free

 

Species Level

  Legislation Ministers' position
  Banned by law Ban supported
  Some limitations on the use of cages Possible support for a ban
  No ban No support for a ban
  No information available No reply or no information provided

Sources

Info on the percentages and caged animals

Data on annual animal numbers were taken from the following sources according to the most recent published data: Sows – Eurostat
2020; Laying Hens – EU COM CIRCABC 2020 (For France - CNPO 2020); Rabbits – European Commission (DG Santé) 2016; Ducks and Geese - ITAVI 2019 and SSP, Eurofoiegras 2019. Where published figures are not available, estimates of number of animals caged have been calculated using generic estimates and data from various credible sources.

Info about national legislation

  • End the cage age report
  • For quails – Quail – Industry and national government statistics
  • For calves
    • Reference for %ages in system Marcé, C., Guatteo, R., Bareille, N. and Fourichon, C., 2010. Dairy calf housing systems across Europe and risk for calf infectious diseases. Animal, 4(9), pp.1588-1596. except where stated otherwise
    • Reference for Czech %ages Staněk, S., Zink, V., Doležal, O. and Štolc, L., 2014. Survey of preweaning dairy calf-rearing practices in Czech dairy herds. Journal of dairy science, 97(6), pp.3973-3981
    • Reference for Bulgaria – National NGO
    • Reference for Poland – Compassion in World Farming investigation

Info on Minister's positions:

The Ministers' positions are based on public statements made by Ministers, and our interpretation of these statements. This is subject to change.

Updated in October 2021.